Research and News

Starting sevelamer may reduce mortality risk among hemodialysis patients
People with end-stage renal disease often have abnormally high levels of phosphorus in their blood, which raises their risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Calcium-based phosphate binders have been the standard treatment for many years, but a newer treatment, sevelamer hydrochloride or sevelamer carbonate, is becoming increasingly common as an add-on or alternative therapy. Read more... 

eGFR level alone may tell little about true timing of dialysis initiation
The United States Renal Data System (USRDS) has often been used to study the timing of dialysis initiation, measured by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at dialysis initiation. However, it is not clear how well this information explains the eGFR variation at dialysis initiation, nor how well eGFR serves as a measure for the timing of dialysis initiation. Read more... 

Modifying liver blood flow in liver transplant recipients
The portal vein and hepatic artery carry blood to the liver. If blood flow through the portal vein is too high, it can lead to graft failure in liver donation recipients. Researchers have investigated how reducing the blood flow through the portal vein can improve outcomes in living donor liver transplantation recipients. Read more... 

Can changes in Medicare payments reduce potential disparities in peritoneal dialysis?
Recent policy changes have affected the way that Medicare pays for dialysis. As with any new health care payment model, there is a need to determine whether these changes affect health disparities. In a new paper, investigators evaluated the effect of these changes on potential disparities in the use of one type of dialysis: peritoneal dialysis. Read more... 

Developing an algorithm to diagnose biliary atresia in infants
When an infant is sick, doctors and parents are faced with difficult decisions. Should the infant undergo surgery, or are there less invasive ways to determine what’s wrong? A recent study of infants with neonatal cholestasis gives us new information about the best way to diagnose the cause of the problem. Read more... 

Evaluating genital body image and sexual esteem following childbirth
Few studies have examined women’s body image after giving birth. Even less well understood is the relationship between genital changes associated with childbirth, body image, and sexual health. In a recent paper, investigators began assessing genital body image and sexual esteem in women after vaginal birth. Read more...