Arbor Research conducts major studies in epidemiology and public health, some of which have their own points of contact for media inquiries.


For information about Arbor Research itself, or other projects it conducts:

Tel: +1 (734) 665-4108
Fax: +1 (734) 665-2103
info@ArborResearch.org
www.ArborResearch.org


DOPPS Coordinating Center

Tel: +1 (800) 367-7760 (toll-free in US)
Tel: +1 (734) 665-4108, ext. 244
Fax: +1 (734) 665-2103
dopps@ArborResearch.org
www.dopps.org




 

 

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Press Releases

What motivates someone to seek treatment for lower urinary tract symptoms?
Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) can have a negative impact on quality of life. Yet not all of those who report having LUTS seek clinical care for their symptoms. In a paper in The Journal of Urology, the Symptoms of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Research Network (LURN) sought to understand and evaluate reasons why people do or do not seek treatment for LUTS. Read more... 

Starting sevelamer may reduce mortality risk among hemodialysis patients
People with end-stage renal disease often have abnormally high levels of phosphorus in their blood, which raises their risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Calcium-based phosphate binders have been the standard treatment for many years, but a newer treatment, sevelamer hydrochloride or sevelamer carbonate, is becoming increasingly common as an add-on or alternative therapy. Read more... 

eGFR level alone may tell little about true timing of dialysis initiation
The United States Renal Data System (USRDS) has often been used to study the timing of dialysis initiation, measured by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at dialysis initiation. However, it is not clear how well this information explains the eGFR variation at dialysis initiation, nor how well eGFR serves as a measure for the timing of dialysis initiation. Read more... 

Modifying liver blood flow in liver transplant recipients
The portal vein and hepatic artery carry blood to the liver. If blood flow through the portal vein is too high, it can lead to graft failure in liver donation recipients. Researchers have investigated how reducing the blood flow through the portal vein can improve outcomes in living donor liver transplantation recipients. Read more... 

Can changes in Medicare payments reduce potential disparities in peritoneal dialysis?
Recent policy changes have affected the way that Medicare pays for dialysis. As with any new health care payment model, there is a need to determine whether these changes affect health disparities. In a new paper, investigators evaluated the effect of these changes on potential disparities in the use of one type of dialysis: peritoneal dialysis. Read more... 

Developing an algorithm to diagnose biliary atresia in infants
When an infant is sick, doctors and parents are faced with difficult decisions. Should the infant undergo surgery, or are there less invasive ways to determine what’s wrong? A recent study of infants with neonatal cholestasis gives us new information about the best way to diagnose the cause of the problem. Read more... 

Evaluating genital body image and sexual esteem following childbirth
Few studies have examined women’s body image after giving birth. Even less well understood is the relationship between genital changes associated with childbirth, body image, and sexual health. In a recent paper, investigators began assessing genital body image and sexual esteem in women after vaginal birth. Read more... 

How do patients cope with chronic kidney disease?
Kidney failure has a serious impact on the lives of patients, who have to deal with many long-term physical and mental stressors. Using qualitative interview data from the Empowering Patients on Choices for Renal Replacement Therapy (EPOCH-RRT) Study, researchers investigated how patients cope with kidney disease, with the goal of improving support for patients. Read more... 

Ojo and Walker join Arbor Research Board of Directors
The Board of Directors of Arbor Research Collaborative for Health has elected two new members for terms starting in March 2017. Akinlolu Ojo and Judith Walker bring extensive experience in clinical research and finance to their new roles. Read more... 

Arbor Research to Evaluate New Home Health Value-Based Purchasing Model
Arbor Research Collaborative for Health was recently awarded a contract from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Innovation to evaluate the impact of the Home Health Value-Based Purchasing Model. Read more about this project. 

The DOPPS Program marks its 20th anniversary with an overview of major findings
The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) is celebrating its 20-year anniversary of uncovering new clinically useful information for the practicing nephrologist. In a new paper, investigators provide an overview of major findings and comment on the analytical approaches used. Read more... 

Lost Wages Reimbursement for Living Organ Donors Trial Announced
The National Living Donor Assistance Center (NLDAC) announces that it will conduct a randomized controlled trial that will assess the impact of interventions intended to remove financial barriers to living organ donation through wage reimbursement. Read more about this study.  

Psychological outcomes of living liver donors in A2ALL
Living liver donation can be psychologically as well as physically demanding for donors, but few studies have assessed psychological outcomes prospectively among a large cohort. Using data from A2ALL, researchers evaluated trends in psychological outcomes over time and potential predictors of these outcomes. Read more... 

2016 USRDS Annual Data Report Highlights
According to an annual data report from the United States Renal Data System (USRDS), hospitalization and mortality rates for patients with chronic kidney disease continue to decline in the U.S. Read more highlights from the report here

Outcomes for hemodialysis patients with hepatitis C infection
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is common among hemodialysis patients worldwide. Although guidelines recommend treatment of all patients infected with HCV, it is rarely treated in hemodialysis patients. In a recent paper, investigators evaluated the burden of HCV infection among hemodialysis patients. Read more... 

Interdialytic weight gain and patient outcomes in the DOPPS
High interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) is associated with adverse outcomes in hemodialysis patients. In a recent paper published in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases, researchers used data from the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) to identify trends in IDWG, predictors of IDWG, and associations of IDWG with clinical outcomes. Read more... 

Examining serum and dialysate potassium in hemodialysis
While high pre-dialysis serum potassium is recognized as a risk factor for sudden death and all-cause mortality in hemodialysis patients, the results of studies examining the effects of dialysate potassium have been mixed. In a new paper, researchers reexamined the risks of different dialysate potassium prescriptions. Read more... 

New Project Will Monitor and Evaluate Effects of Dialysis Payment Policy
A research team from Insight Policy Research and Arbor Research Collaborative for Health was recently awarded a five-year contract from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to monitor and evaluate the effects of Medicare dialysis payment policy. Learn more about this project..

The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) expands into Russia
Beginning in 2012, the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) has collected comprehensive data on hemodialysis in Russia. In an article in Hemodialysis International, DOPPS researchers present patterns of hemodialysis practice in Russia based on this data, and compare those patterns to contemporary data for Europe, Japan, and North America. Read more... 

First report of Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) data from Turkey
In 2013, the international Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) began collecting data in Turkey. In a paper in Hemodialysis International, researchers compared this data with DOPPS data from other countries and with data from the Registry of Turkish Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation. Read more... 

More efforts needed to reduce financial burdens for living liver donors
Living liver donation is increasingly viewed as a favorable alternative to deceased donor transplantation. However, little data exists on the impact of donation on liver donors’ lives. To address this gap, researchers used data from the Adult-to-Adult Living Donor Liver Transplant Cohort Study-2 (A2ALL-2) to examine outcomes for living liver donors in the first two years after donation. Read more... 

Validating the Coping Strategies Inventory-Short Form for International Study
Researchers in the international Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) have published a new methods paper describing the coping strategies used by hemodialysis patients. In this paper, they discuss the reliability and validity of the Coping Strategies Inventory-Short Form (CSI-SF) in a large, diverse sample of hemodialysis patients in 13 countries. Read more... 

New results from the Childhood Liver Disease Research and Education Network
Biliary Atresia is a rare disease of the liver and bile ducts that occurs in infants. A liver biopsy is a key step in distinguishing biliary atresia from other cholestatic disorders. However, the interpretation of liver biopsies in infantile cholestasis is challenging. Read more... 

Preoperative interventions may mitigate postoperative pain in living liver donors
Little is known about how well postoperative pain is managed in living liver donors, despite the fact that pain severity is the strongest predictor of long-term disability due to chronic pain. Using data from the Adult to Adult Living Donor Liver Transplantation Cohort Study (A2ALL), researchers identified donor characteristics that influenced postoperative pain and evaluated postoperative pain management. Read more... 

New investigation emphasizes negative impact of acute rejection after liver transplantation
Even though acute rejection after solid organ transplantation is often treatable, it may place recipients at increased risk of progressive graft failure and death. Liver transplantation has been considered the exception to this rule, but in a recent paper investigators repudiate older data by demonstrating increased risks of graft failure and death in liver transplant recipients who experience acute rejection. Read more... 

Trends in Anemia, MBD, and Interdialytic Weight Gain in US Hemodialysis Patients
The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) Practice Monitor (DPM) has been updated with data current through June 2016, based on a national sample of US dialysis facilities. Read a summary of the latest trends here

Comparing risk factors for recurrent PSC in living and deceased donor recipients
People with Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis (PSC) experience severe liver damage, for which the only known cure is a liver transplant. After a liver transplant, PSC returns in 15 to 25 percent of patients. In a new study published in Liver Transplantation, investigators from the Adult-to-Adult Living Donor Liver Transplantation Cohort Study (A2ALL) identified several risk factors for PSC recurrence. Read more... 

New paper from A2ALL investigates risk factors for early allograft dysfunction
After living donor liver transplantation, a recipient may experience complications with the transplanted organ soon after surgery, including Early Allograft Dysfunction (EAD). In a paper published in Transplantation, investigators sought to characterize EAD after living donor liver transplantation and to develop models to predict the risk of dysfunction. Read more... 

Can changes in quality of life predict mortality in hemodialysis patients?
Measures of Health-Related Quality of Life (HR-QOL) have consistently demonstrated much lower quality of life among hemodialysis patients compared to the general population and to those with other chronic medical conditions. In a study published in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, investigators hypothesized that a decline in HR-QOL would be associated with increased risk of death. Read more... 

New Website Helps Patients Make Choices about Dialysis Treatment
Patients diagnosed with kidney failure face many difficult decisions about their care. A new online decision tool helps patients and their families learn more about the factors that matter most to them. Learn about this decision-making tool.  

Psychosocial outcomes after living liver donation in A2ALL
Previous studies of living liver donors’ psychological and social outcomes have focused on short-term outcomes and rely largely on measures not specific to donation. In a recent paper published in a special issue on living donation in Transplantation, researchers examined long-term psychosocial outcomes of living donors, focusing on a more specific assessment of donors’ potential problems. Read more... 

New article provides a global overview of end stage kidney disease
In a recent article in The Lancet, investigators present international cohort study data to highlight differences in hemodialysis practice that influence survival and the experiences of patients who rely on this therapy. Read more... 

NephCure Kidney Network to Participate in $4 Million Research Study of Stress Management Approaches
A team with the NephCure Kidney Network (NKN) will take part in a $4 million research project to determine the optimal type and frequency of mindfulness-based treatment for managing stress. Learn how this study will benefit patients with Nephrotic Syndrome

CKDopps: New study designed to examine the effects of chronic kidney disease care
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an increasing international problem, and minimizing the complications associated with advanced CKD and improving the transition to dialysis and transplantation represents a challenge. The CKD Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (CKDopps) is a new international prospective cohort study designed to meet this challenge by describing and evaluating variation in nephrologist-led CKD practices. Read more... 

The Symptoms of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Research Network (LURN)
The Symptoms of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Research Network (LURN) is an interdisciplinary consortium-based cooperative research network that aims to change the way we study and treat patients with lower urinary tract symptoms. In a newly published paper in the Journal of Urology, the LURN study team presents an overview of the network’s goals. Read more... 

Anemia Management in the China Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS)
As more and more patients with end-stage renal disease in China are able to access hemodialysis, it is important to study the management of accompanying anemia. Researchers examined China Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) data and found that a substantial proportion of hemodialysis patients in the China DOPPS do not meet hemoglobin (Hgb) targets. Read more... 

NephCure Kidney Network Pledges to Facilitate Patients’ Access to Their EHR Data
Joe Selby, MD, MPH, Executive Director of the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), has announced an initiative to enable individuals to access data in their electronic health records (EHRs) and share it for research that could improve care for their conditions. The NephCure Kidney Network (NKN), a project of Arbor Research Collaborative for Health, in partnership with the NephCure Kidney International, is one of the Patient-Powered Research Networks pledging to help patients access their data. Read more... 

USRDS report shows fewer deaths, increased use of home dialysis
The annual data report from the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) reveals both positive and negative trends in kidney disease in the U.S. The report is released by the USRDS coordinating center based at the University of Michigan Kidney Epidemiology and Cost Center, in partnership with Arbor Research Collaborative for Health. Read more

DOPPS Practice Monitor: Quality of Life data now available
The DPM has been updated with data current through June 2015, based on a national sample of US dialysis facilities. Responding to the nephrology community, as of January 2016 the DPM provides patient-reported quality of life (QOL) data for download, including the Mental Composite Summary (MCS) and Physical Composite Summary (PCS) score distributions from the KDQOL-36© (Hays, 1994) for the DPM US national sample. To learn more about the data, please click here

Paula Lantz and Larry Warren join Arbor Research Board of Directors
The Board of Directors of Arbor Research Collaborative for Health has elected two new members for terms starting in January 2016. Paula Lantz and Larry Warren will contribute valuable expertise in health policy and integrated health care delivery systems. Click here to learn more

German Dialysis Data Now Available from the DOPPS Practice Monitor
The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) is expanding the DOPPS Practice Monitor (DPM) to share data from hemodialysis facilities in Germany. Similar to the DPM in the United States that was launched in November 2010, the German DPM will report ongoing trends in clinical practice. Click here to learn more

PDOPPS: Unifying Efforts to Inform Practice and Improve Global Outcomes in Peritoneal Dialysis
The Peritoneal Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (PDOPPS) is designed to advance the understanding of optimal practices for peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. In a paper published recently in the journal Peritoneal Dialysis International, researchers describe their methods to collect and analyze data that will lead to improved patient care. To learn more about this paper, please click here

Functional Dependence and Mortality in the International DOPPS
Across various medical fields, functional dependence has been shown to contribute to disability, hospitalization, and increased mortality. Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) researchers investigated whether functional dependence also contributes to morbidity and mortality in long-term dialysis patients, who have among the highest mortality and hospitalization rates. Click here to read a summary of the findings. 

New Paper from the DOPPS Compares International Trends in ESA Utilization and Hemoglobin Levels
Sweeping changes to U.S. dialysis reimbursement and regulatory policies for ESA use in 2011 were expected to reduce ESA utilization and hemoglobin levels. In a paper published in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, researchers used data from the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) to estimate and compare time trends in ESA dose and hemoglobin levels among hemodialysis patients in the United States, Germany, Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom, and Japan. To read more, click here

Emotional and Financial Experiences of Kidney Donors over the past 50 Years
Most kidney donors view their experience positively, but some donors experience negative outcomes related to donation. Researchers from the Renal and Lung Living Donors Evaluation Study (RELIVE) recently published findings in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN) that examine the factors that shape these outcomes for living kidney donors. Click here to read a summary of the findings

Complications in Recipients of Deceased and Living Donor Liver Transplants
Adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation is performed with increasing frequency at major transplantation centers, but too few cases are performed at any one center to discern reliable information about the risks and complications of this procedure.
To address this knowledge gap, Adult-to-Adult Living Donor Liver Transplantation Cohort Study (A2ALL) researchers analyzed data on over 1,000 liver transplant recipients. The authors of the study used statistical models to compare probabilities of complications and their resolution. Click here to learn more about the results of this study

New Research Examines Recent Increases in Ferritin Levels in U.S. Dialysis Patients
Anemia management is an essential element of care for hemodialysis patients. Following two major policy changes in the United States in 2011, there has been a dramatic rise in average ferritin levels, sustained into 2013. The DOPPS examines this sustained rise in a paper published in the latest issue of the Clinical Journal of The American Society of Nephrology. Click here to learn more about the findings

New Research from A2ALL Shows Benefits of Living Donor Liver Transplant
Living donor liver transplantation has emerged as an important source of organs when there is a critical scarcity of livers from deceased donors. A new study from the Adult-to-Adult Living Donor Liver Transplantation Cohort Study (A2ALL) compares the long-term survival of living donor liver transplant (LDLT) at experienced transplant centers to outcomes of deceased donor liver transplant (DDLT). To learn more about this research, please click here

NephCure Kidney Network Approved for $1.5 Million in Second Phase of Development of PCORnet
The NephCure Kidney Network led by Arbor Research and the NephCure Kidney International has been approved for a three-year $1.5 million funding award by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) as part of the second phase of PCORnet, the National Patient-Centered Clinical Research Network. To learn more about this project, please click here

Canadian Dialysis Data Now Available from the DOPPS Practice Monitor
The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) is expanding the DOPPS Practice Monitor (DPM) to share data from hemodialysis facilities in Canada. Similar to the DPM in the United States, which was launched in November 2010, the Canadian DPM will report ongoing trends in clinical practice. Click here to learn more

Simplified Phosphate Binder Pill Regimen Could Improve Health
New research from the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) examines data on pill burden. Please click here to learn more. 

Arbor Research Contributes to Publication on Organ Offers
New research published in Liver Transplantation examines whether decision support could improve the decision to accept or decline organ offers of livers for transplantation. To learn more about this publication, please click here

New Study Examines Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter Use
The Peritoneal Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Study (PDOPPS) is launching a new ancillary study to reveal best practices for peritoneal dialysis  catheter insertion, and how services are organized to support them. To learn more about this study, please click here

EURODOPPS Research Awards
EURODOPPS asked for proposals from external investigators for possible data analyses. The winners, who were announced at the 52nd ERA-EDTA congress in London, will get the opportunity to visit the EURODOPPS team in Amsterdam for an internship. For more information about the winning proposals, please click here

New Research Examines Sexual Function After Liver Donation
Living liver donors make a personal sacrifice to enhance the welfare of another, and efforts to maintain health and quality of life essential. Although sexual functioning is an important facet of quality of life for living donors, it has not been examined extensively. In a paper published in the journal Liver Transplantation, researchers led by Dr. Andrea DiMartini examined donor sexual function before and after the transplant. Click here to learn about these findings

Arbor Research Contributes to Research on Disparities in Dialysis
New research published in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology examines whether adjustment for race in statistical models obscures or clarifies disparities in quality of care for minority groups on dialysis. To learn more, please click here

Program Support Center Contracting Vehicle Awarded to HMS and Arbor Research
Arbor Research has partnered with Healthcare Management Solutions, LLC (HMS) on a successful bid for the Program Support Center (PSC) contracting vehicle. This contracting vehicle qualifies the HMS Team, which includes Arbor Research, to bid on projects awarded by the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). Please click here to learn more

Data from the DOPPS validate an association between high IV iron doses and mortality
Intravenous (IV) iron is required for optimal management of anemia in the majority of hemodialysis patients. IV iron prescription has increased over time, but the best dosing strategy is unknown and the effect of IV iron on patient survival is unclear. Please click here to learn more

New findings provide guidance on using the instrumental variable approach
The instrumental variable approach is a statistical methodology that has been widely used in medical research. DOPPS researchers, led by Dr. Yun Li, have published new findings regarding the use of a preference-based instrumental variable approach in reducing the impact of unmeasured confounding in the journal Statistics in Medicine. Please click here to learn more about this publication

Fewer women than men receive hemodialysis treatment
Fewer women than men are treated with dialysis for end-stage kidney disease, according to a new comprehensive analysis from the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) published in PLOS Medicine. Click here to learn more

Exercise Linked with Improved Physical and Mental Health among Dialysis Patients
Aerobic physical activity is strongly linked with better health-related quality of life, fewer depression symptoms, and prolonged life in kidney failure patients on dialysis. The findings, which come from a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN), suggest that dialysis facilities have an opportunity to improve patients’ health by providing exercise programs. Please click here for more information. 

Liver regeneration after living donor transplant
The liver is the only human solid organ that is able to regenerate itself. In a paper recently published in Liver Transplantation, A2ALL researchers led by Dr. Kim Olthoff and Dr. Jean Emond examined patterns of liver growth in living donors and recipients. Please click here to learn more. 

The DOPPS Approach to Improving Patient Care
Dr. Friedrich Port is the 2014 recipient of the National Kidney Foundation’s David M. Hume Memorial Award. To mark this milestone in his career, Dr. Port reflected on the approach of the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS), which he helped to design, launch, and maintain since 1996. Click here to learn more about this recent publication

New research from RELIVE: What is life like after you donate a kidney?
New findings from Arbor Research shed light on the level of satisfaction that kidney donors have with their lives after donation. Click here to learn more.  

EURODOPPS: A Collaborative Partnership of Arbor Research and ERA-EDTA
Arbor Research Collaborative for Health and the European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA) have signed an agreement for collaboration. The new EURODOPPS partnership will bring together the strengths of two initiatives – the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) and the ERA-EDTA Registry – in collecting and analyzing epidemiological data on patients on dialysis in Europe. Please click here for more information. 

Arbor Research Awarded Contract for Alignment of Quality and Public Reporting Programs and Websites
Arbor Research Collaborative for Health, in partnership with NORC at the University of Chicago, has been awarded a four-year contract with the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) for the Alignment of Quality and Public Reporting Programs and Websites. Read more... 

EPOCH-RRT project featured in Kidney Living magazine
The EPOCH-RRT project is featured in the current issue of Kidney Living magazine distributed by the National Kidney Foundation. To learn more about this research to help patients choose the right treatment for kidney disease, visit http://choosingdialysis.org/ 

Arbor Research Awarded RMADA Contract

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has awarded a contract for the Research, Measurement, Assessment, Design, and Analysis (RMADA) contracting vehicle to a team led by Arbor Research Collaborative for Health. Read more...

 

Friedrich K. Port awarded 2014 NKF David M. Hume Memorial Award
The National Kidney Foundation (NKF) has announced that Friedrich K. Port will receive the 2014 David M. Hume Memorial Award. This award is the NKF’s highest honor given to a distinguished scientist-clinician in the field of kidney and urologic diseases. read more ...

Spleen volumes after living liver donation
Among adults who donate a portion of their liver for transplantation, clinical studies have drawn attention to persistently decreased platelet counts. Researchers with the Adult-to-Adult Living Donor Liver Transplantation Cohort Study (A2ALL) wanted to know whether low platelet counts caused enlarged spleens after liver donation. Click here to learn more. 

Revised Kidney Allocation Policy Guided by Findings from Arbor Research
The OPTN/UNOS Board of Directors approved substantial revisions to the national policy for deceased donor kidney allocation at their June 24-25 meeting. As the SRTR contractor from 2000 to 2010, Arbor Research performed many of the early analyses supporting these policy changes. read more ...

Arbor Research becomes a pioneer member of the Kidney Health Initiative
We are pleased to announce that Arbor Research is a pioneer member of the Kidney Health Initiative (KHI). The KHI, established in September 2012, is a partnership between the American Society of Nephrology (ASN) and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). read more ...

Transplanting Kidneys Without Points for HLA-B Matching: Consequences of the Policy Change
A new study published in the American Journal of Transplantation reveals that since the elimination of the kidney allocation priority for matching for HLA-B on May 7, 2003, access to kidney transplantation for minorities has been improved. read more ...